Nazareth Village is a open air museum in the grounds of the Nazareth General Hospital and managed by a trust, whose aim it is to show visitors how people lived 2000 years ago. The village area was excavated by archaeologists around 150 years ago.. Some of what was found and some adds on are used for the exhibition, which comes to live through the actors, involved. Just a guided tour or a theme based tour and you may end the tour with a meal based on the food of two thousand years ago. For this you may choose lunch, dinner or a feast meal. The guided tour can be done in various languages and doesn't require a lot of notice. The rest of the stuff requires preparation and necessitate bookings.
Sorry for the blown look of the rock face. It is a type of lime stone and the shade covered only half of the press. Not much to do about that.
In this picture is a wine press, around two thousand years old. First item of info is that the presses were always close to the vinyards. The vines were planted on the terraces at the back. The terraces, consisted of the visible stonewall and was filled with various types of gravel, sand and soil. Rough stuff at the bottom and the soil at the top. The design is apparently good for irrigation.
This picture provides a diagram of the wine press. At top is a foot press area. The grape juice flows through the gully into the first holding tank (about one and a half, to two feet deep), where some fermentation is allowed under cover. The overflow and last tank are also used when necessary to skim the top stuff off the juice in the first tank. The press area is also quite big, as 5 to 6 people would hook in cartwheel style, and while performing dances they would press the juice from the grapes.
Something I learnt there. Foot pressing is preferred, to keep the bitter taste of the seeds out of the wine. Using a stone crush, would result in crushing the seeds and releasing the taste of the seeds.