This picture was taken on my way to the monastry on Mount of Temptation. The nearer houses form the outskirts of Jericho, which, with the other villages are also known as al-Sultan.
The camera is pointing roughly in an eastern direction. This is West Bank area and the Jordan river is on the other side of the dark patch in the distance, where you can vaguely see erosion gullies. The gullies and the land beyond, is part of the Kingdom of Jordan or Jordania.
The lighter colour of the earth, around here, is due to a lot of limestone.