This picture was taken from a Franciscan Sanctuary at the outskirts of Bethlehem. This is the general area, where it is said that the angels announced the birth of Jesus Christ, to the shepherds.
Luke 2 : 8 - 11: And in the same region there were shepherds out in the field, keeping watch over their flock by night. And an angel of the Lord appeared to them, and the glory of the Lord shone around them, and they were filled with great fear. And the angel said to them, "Fear not, for behold, I bring you good news of great joy that will be for all the people. For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Savior, who is Christ the Lord. Shepherds were not really nice people back in those times and they were shunned by the Jews. There were various reasons for this - apart from being smelly, no education, doing the lowliest work in a village; they were not very trustworthy. Hence the words in Luke 2:17 "And when they saw it, they made known the saying that had been told them concerning this child. And all who heard it wondered at what the shepherds told them."
The Sanctuary has a lot of archaelogical diggings, within its walls. During excavations the remains of a farming settlement dating back to the 1st century AD (with an oil press, grottoes and vault lined with burial niches) and a Byzantine monastery (church, courtyards, cisterns, bakery, rooms with mosaics) which flourished between the 4th and 8th centuries AD were found. This picture gives an idea of the fields where sheep grazed, back there in the background and some of the archaelogical findings in the foreground.
There are lots of grottoes in the area and within the walls. The Franciscans made chapel style churches of some of them. These grottoes may be reserved for religious purposes. There is also a commemorative building, referred to as the Sanctuary on the property. The Sanctuary, designed by Barluzzi, stands on a rock overlooking the ruins. It has a dodecagonal shape with five apses having an inclined plane, recalling the structure of a field tent like the one used by the shepherds at that time.
Some visitors take it literally that this is the spot where the angels appeared. About a kilometre away, there is a Greek Orthodox equivalent of this commemorative place.