In a previous posting, I showed part of the City of David, where it is located within eatern Jerusalem. The excavations are on the hillside next to the Kidron Valley. The hill is known as Mount Zion and the excavation was known as the fortress city of Zion. This is ancient Jerusalem, known by various names, e.g. Jebus and dates way back to around 4,500 BC. Some visitors get confused by the many names for this original area where Jerusalem originated from. This ruined and original part of the city is today commonly referred to as the City of David. From the Bible - 2Sa 5:7 "Nevertheless, David took the stronghold of Zion, that is, the city of David." The picture of coming Wednesday will also show the City of David in relation to the Old City - all within the borders of modern day Jerusalem.
To add to the confusion, Bethlehem which is situated roughly 6 kms to the east of this place, is referred to as the city of David, in Luke 2: 4 and 11. Verse 11 reads: "For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Savior, who is Christ the Lord." The reason for this name is that David originated from Bethlehem, as indicated in 1Sa 16: 1 and 18.
David was the youngest of Jesse's sons and tending the sheep. I have previously alluded to the fact that shepherds were in general not held in high regard by the Israel tribe. The youngest son, is also the one that is the least important in terms of lineage. Yet, from among Jesse's sons, David was chosen to be anointed to succeed Saul as king of Israel.
The main structure in the picture is referred to as a Stepped Stone structure and served as part of the foundation of a large building, built against the very steep hillside. There are more of these structures in this general area.
The Gihon spring originates on the Ophel side (nearest to the present day Temple Mount) of the City of David. Various tunnels and shafts were built over the years to distribute the water supply to the different parts of the city. One such tunnel, the tunnel of Hezekiah (one of the Judean kings) provides a little wet adventure for tourists who wants to walk the tunnel - bring your own torch and extra clothes. The water is still running and is remarkeably clear.
2Ch 32:30 "This same Hezekiah closed the upper outlet of the waters of Gihon and directed them down to the west side of the city of David. And Hezekiah prospered in all his works."