I am still on the Via Dolorosa, nearing the end of the road. The very large structure, all around this square, is the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, which is built on Golgotha ("Calvary" in Latin), where Jesus was crucified.
Station 10 is the little Chapel of the Franks in the corner, with the big window and sashes. This station commemorates that Jesus was stripped of his garments. Mark 15: 24 "And when they had crucified him, they parted his garments, casting lots upon them, what every man should take".
The Roman emperor Hadrian in the 2nd century AD built a temple dedicated to the goddess Aphrodite in order to bury the cave in which Jesus had been buried. (This building contains a cave in which it is said that Jesus was buried - there are two other claims in Jerusalem). The first Christian emperor, Constantine the Great, ordered in about 325 AD that the temple be replaced by a church. A fire and later an earthquake damaged the original building. In 1009 AD Muslim rulers had the church destroyed and forced Christians to adopt Muslim law - for all purposes, they had to convert to become Muslims. About 20 years later the Byzantine Empire convinced the Muslim leaders to allow rebuilding of the church and recanting of Muslim faith by erstwhile Christians. In periods of repair and reconstruction, various denominations added their own little piece. The result is that this bits and pieces building became the focus of differences about control, which is now shared between several Christian denominations and secular entities in complicated arrangements. The main part is that no building or alterations will take place, without agreement of all parties.
When these agreements were reached, a mason was doing something for which he required the ladder. Everything had to stop promptly and the ladder was left there - somewhere in the middle of the 18th century and cannot be taken away. The ladder is now the symbol of irreconcilable differences.