Station 13: At this station the taking down of Jesus from the cross, as per John 19: 40 "Then took they the body of Jesus, and wound it in linen clothes with the spices, as the manner of the Jews is to bury". In the main picture, you see people praying at, and kissing the stone of unction (anointing). This is the stone where Jesus was laid down to be anointed. Given the number of times that Jerusalem was razed, the number of times that this church/basilica had to be rebuilt, decisions that lead to this particular stone to be chosen; this may or may not be the actual stone. If it is the actual stone, it will represent probably the only place in Jerusalem, that was somehow touched by His body - making it a very special destination for Christian pilgrims. (In comparison - the streets comprising the Via Dolorosa, have been paved many times over - so there can be no cobble- or flagstone left, that He actually touched).
Around the corner, there is a man with a bucket, cleaning rags and a spray can. When there is no-one at the stone, he will wipe and spray the stone.
Station 14: A basilica, within a basilica. This chapel is built over the entry to the cave that was Jesus' tomb - according to tradition. This is one of three sites in Jerusalem, that is claimed as the tomb of Jesus.
General about Stations of the Cross: Religious pilgrimages by Christians to Jerusalem have been going on, since shortly after 70 AD. In the early years, a Via Dolorosa route would start at the garden of Gethsemane, go up to the house of Caiphas, etc. This was a much longer route and at the time would mean that the pilgrim would do a lot of walking outside the Jerusalem of those days.
This route changed to the route that is described in my last 7 postings, when the Franciscan Order was awarded Custody of the Holy Land in 1217. The 14 stations make up the Passion of Christ, which was held in veneration by Saint Francis of Assisi. A 15th station to commemorate that Jesus has risen from the dead, is sometimes added to the 14, but not here in Jerusalem. In many of the larger Roman Catholic churches, across the world, there will be 14 (sometimes 15) paintings or icons, depicting the Passion of Christ. I remember the ones in a church in Pècsz, Hungary quite vividly.
There is also a Scriptural Way of the Cross, which starts at the Garden of Gethsemane and continues for another 13 stations, replacing those that are not found in the Bible with other Bible based events. This is much the same as the route, that the earliest pilgrims followed.
The third version is the New Way of the Cross, which starts with the Last Supper, plus another 13 stations. This is a version from the Philipines.
Have a great weekend.