Zaanse Schans by Claude Monet - would be somewhere 1850 to 1870. His impression of what it looked like back then.
The museum at the Schans showed how import led to industry - a visual lesson in entrepreneurship. It all started with people going out and finding stuff - in this case it was wood, cacao beans, coffee beans, whales, rice, sugar and such that could be sourced somewhere out there. Importing cacao for instance meant nothing if there was no market in the home country of the Netherlands. It required someone to put cacao to use. The importer seldom had the time or focus to attend to the "put to use" side of things. Someone gained the knowledge how to process beans to derive cacao from it. We all know that at some time this became a fashionable drink on the continent. But, drink alone couldn't sustain either the import business, nor the factory. So combining sugar and milk with cacao, someone came up with chocolate. Sugar and cacao imported while milk is aplenty in the low lands. That is how a business like Verkade came to be - chocolates, cookies with chocolate and cookies without chocolate - and then some more. The Schans served as a harbour in the river Zaan, which was linked to the sea.
The museum pays homage to many a strater-up family. Each with their own line of business - be it import, manufacturing, downline manufacturing and eventually export - and many of those businesses still provide the bread and jam on the table to many households. The greater Schans area was a veritable hub of industry.